Mechanical loading is essential for the growth and maintenance of the secondary cartilages of the condyle and eminence of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), as well as nutrient exchange for the avascular fibrocartilage disc between the condyle and eminence. Studies in humans where the magnitude and frequency of TMJ loading were measured to distinguish dentofacial phenotypes and predict longitudinal TMJ change will be showcased. How the results of these studies provide insight to future therapeutic improvements for jaw growth modification and degenerative changes in the TMJ will be discussed.
Comprehend the importance of mechanical loading to growth of and degenerative changes to the TMJ.
Describe clinical approaches used to measure jaw loading magnitudes and frequency.
Identify how mechanobehavior measurements could be used in future to improve jaw orthopedic and TMJ therapies.