Even after one century of practice and research optimal forces for orthodontic tooth movement remain elusive. I will describe and compare animal models to study tooth movement with the focus on tissue level bone biology and relate this fundamental information to tooth movement in humans and clinical practice. I will expand on the need to understand the force and engineering stress to produce optimal tooth movements and thus expediting/optimizing tooth movement. In the future, orthodontic tooth movement are likely to be individualize in a patient based on tooth root surface area, anchorage segments, desirable versus undesirable tooth movements, besides gender/age thereby producing direct path and personalized tooth movements for each patient. The participant will thus be exposed to most recent concepts and evidence based methods to achieving optimal orthodontic tooth movements.
Gain an in depth understanding on the optimal speed/force for orthodontic tooth movement in humans by a historical and contemporary review of studies on tooth movement.
Gain a through understanding on the differences in the biology of popular animal models used to study rate of tooth movement and how studies can be extrapolated for applications to humans and our patients.
Interpret strengths and pitfall of studies (animal, human) to allow for data to be synthesized into meaningful interpretation.