The role of orthodontic therapy in temporomandibular disorders has been debated for years. Suggestions have ranged from orthodontic therapy being a primary cause of TMD to having no relationship at all. The truth likely falls somewhere in between. This presentation will highlight available data and place in perspective the relationship between orthodontic therapy and TMD. Understanding how orthodontic therapy can influence masticatory function and when orthodontic therapy may or may not be appropriate for TMD is critical for providing the best clinical care for the patient.
Recognize the present controversy regarding orthodontic therapy and TMD
Explain how orthodontic therapy may be an etiologic factor in TMD
Describe the role of orthodontic therapy in the management of TMD
Orthodontic Diagnosis and Management of Temporomandibular Joint Involvement in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Temporomandibular joint involvement in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis results in functional limitations, asymmetry, mandibular hypoplasia and skeletodental malocclusion. Multidisciplinary collaboration among several specialists in medicine, dentistry and surgery is required for diagnosing and treating patients optimally. The focus of this presentation is to provide an overview of diagnostic features, signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint involvement, effects of the disease, and therapeutic management that orthodontists should know when evaluating and treating children with JIA. Findings of recent clinical investigations focused on orthodontic diagnosis will be discussed. Orthodontic treatment interventions that can be employed in the effective management of affected children will be included in a case-based presentation format.
Identify diagnostic features of temporomandibular joint involvement in JIA
Evaluate the implications of the disease and medical treatment as they relate to orthodontic treatment
Distinguish orthodontic treatment interventions that can be used successfully in JIA