Joules, Genes, and Behaviors in the Development and Degeneration of the TMJ
The growth of the TMJ components reflects the interplay between central nervous system organization of the musculature and resulting TMJ loads, and the influences of behaviors that reflect the changes in the dentition from neonate to adolescent. In a similar fashion, the degeneration of the TMJ reflects the interplay between these variables, with certain heritable traits. In our discussion we will focus on the continuum of growth through degeneration of the TMJ, and the role of mechanics, behaviors, and genetics in this process.
Recognize diagnostic group differences in magnitudes of TMJ loads and frequency of TMJ loading
State the role of energy density in the development of degenerative joint disease.
Centric Relation, TMD and Orthodontics: It's Time to Center on the Evidence
Centric relation (CR) has been a controversial subject in dentistry for more than a century. Although the definition of CR has changed over the past half-century, its relevance to contemporary dentistry and orthodontics and TMD has been questioned especially in light of new evidence.
Define Centric Relation and the controversies surrounding its definition
Put centric relation into perspective and evaluate its relevance to contemporary orthodontic treatment and TMD.