Pharmacology is often a confusing area for the orthodontist due to rapid changes of extensive and complex material. Yet within pharmacology, there are several areas that directly can affect orthodontic treatment. Become familiar with the common drugs that can significantly affect tooth movement and can cause gingival enlargement. Severely decreased bone function and possible osteonecrosis can be observed after administration of antiresorptive drugs, such as bisphosphonates, denosumab and other drugs to be released by the FDA. Learn which symptoms and radiographic signs to evaluate the beginning stage of severely decreased bone function as well as the medications which can directly affect your orthodontic practice.
List the common medications used during orthodontics which have adverse drug effects on decreased tooth movement, gingival enlargement, osteonecrosis;
List the common medications used during orthodontics which have the best evidence of pain relief.