In the last few decades orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics have benefited greatly from the evaluation of disharmonies in the three dimensions of space. This lecture will focus on two additional aspects of orthodontic treatment planning that can be regarded as the fourth and fifth dimension in orthodontics: timing of treatment, and individual patient responsiveness to treatment. The results of a series of evidence-based studies will show the significant impact of these innovative diagnostic factors on the quality and efficiency of orthodontic outcomes in different types of malocclusions, including Class II, Class III, transverse, and vertical disharmonies.
The effects of timing of treatment on orthodontic outcomes
Identification of morphological and biological markers of individual patient responsiveness to treatment
How to improve the efficiency and stability of dentofacial orthopedics in growing patients