An increasing number of adult patients seen in the orthodontic office are presenting with an ongoing degeneration caused by either loss of one or more teeth and/or the progression of periodontal disease. The treatment of these patients requires interaction among orthodontists, periodontologists and prosthodontists, and will eventually require the assistance of gnathologists, implantologists and oral surgeons. The appliances should be selected after taking the periodontal status and the eventual metabolic factors into consideration. If the patient lacks sufficient teeth for conventional anchorage or if reactive force would cause undesirable side effects, skeletal anchorage systems should be applied. This presentation will demonstrate how treatments previously considered impossible can be performed by utilizing the state of the art within biomechanics.
How treatments previously considered impossible can be performed by utilizing the state of the art within biomechanics