Managing the Special Needs Patient: Orthodontic Treatment and the Patient with Autism
Autism Spectrum disorder is more commonly diagnosed now than in previous decades. The prevalence has been reported to be as high as 1 in 110 children born in the United States. With this increase in the number of children on the Autism spectrum the orthodontist can expect to see more of these patients in coming years. This presentation will attempt to educate those in attendance about the understood and misunderstood aspects of caring for these special needs patients. We will define Autism Spectrum Disorder and its varying presentations along with the etiological and epidemiological factors associated with it. Medical treatments, both traditional and non-traditional, and their role in the treatment of the autistic patient will be discussed. The effects of Autism on the patient, parents, and siblings play an important part in understanding the family dynamics that are present with the autistic patient and we will identify characteristics that should be considered when a patient and the family decide that orthodontic treatment is necessary for their child. Finally, helpful tools for the clinical management of the autistic patient will be identified and presented to aid the practitioner in the successful treatment of these unique individuals.
Define Autism Spectrum Disorder, its etiology, and epidemiology
Identify the unique problems faced by the autistic patient and the family
Identify a protocol for evaluation and successful treatment for the autistic patient.