Congenitally missing lateral incisors or second premolars, extremely displaced canines, or severe trauma to the central incisors all result in a reduced upper dentition. The two most common treatment approaches are space closure or space opening to allow prosthodontic replacement with either a fixed prosthesis or single-tooth implants. Both of these approaches involve compromises in terms of esthetics, periodontal health, and function.
Recognize the advantages and disadvantages of palatal TAD borne mesialization.
Identify recommendable insertion sites in the palate.
Design an appropriate TAD borne mechanics depending on the treatment objective.