Non-surgical treatment in adults inevitably involves the beyond-the-bone tooth movement. Hence understanding on the tissue tolerance and ostegenic potential, precise visualization of treatment plan, effective biomechanics are all important for the success of treatment. Current biomechanics enable us to perform reliable total arch movement in three-dimension. Based on this theory, case-specific three-dimensional total arch movement will be proposed and demonstrated in adults with various skeletal problems.
Recognize the area-specific tissue tolerance for orthodontic movement.
Demonstrate three-dimensional treatment plans.
Propose adequate three-dimensional total arch movement to ensure reliable non-surgical treatment in each case.