M.D., D.D.S. University of Innsbruck (Austria); Postgraduate Orthodontic Training University of Innsbruck; Since 1986 Private Practice of Orthodontics in Bolzano (Italy); Visiting professor University of Ferrara (Italy); Diplomate European Board of Orthodontists E.B.O.; Diplomate Italian Board of Orthodontists I.B.O.; Active member Angle Society of Europe (ASE); Past-President I.B.O. and Council Member S.I.D.O. (Italian Society of Orthodontics); Former Secretary of the Angle Society of Europe; Past-President EBO Examination Committee.