Orthodontics has been described as simple but not easy." Unfortunately, orthodontic complications and failures do occur. This presentation will describe some of the misadventures that occur before, during, and after treatment, point toward the etiology of these complications, comment on their ethical and legal consequences, and explore their meaning in terms of the development of expertise.
Describe orthodontic complications in terms of type and etiology
Describe the essential differences between novices and experts in terms of various dental and orthodontic treatments
Provide guidance so that practitioners can judge whether treatment complication suggests ethical or legal compromise