Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is frequently used in mainstream orthodontics as one of the treatment approaches to achieve true maxillary bone expansion. This lecture will present some examples of DO applications and the role of the orthodontist in (more) complex cases e.g. in craniofacial deformities. Even though DO is a well understood and predictable procedure, the distraction vector is sometimes difficult to control and often results in poor occlusion. However, orthodontists have the tools and knowledge to manage and dentally correct these undesirable results and re-establish a functional occlusion.
Evaluate the limitations of osteotomies and advantage of distraction osteogenesis.
Understand the biology of distraction osteogenesis.
Understand the role of the orthodontist in craniofacial distraction patients.