The specialty of orthodontics has a rich history of achievement in terms of education, research, technology, and clinical care. The success we pleasantly enjoy is deeply rooted in our past. We have identified orthodontic problems and, over time, sought to resolve those problems so that our treatments are more efficient, effective, and valued. This presentation will describe the problems of our past and the solutions that have been developed. In addition, several problems that are poorly based in science and have not been conquered will be noted as a direction for the future.